|New guide released||20/09/2021|
|Fixed a typo in the Environment Variables and added note around DHCP||25/11/2021|
|Additional environment variable added to fix a start-up error due to changes in the 2022.01 release and onward of PiHole.||14/01/2022|
|Environment Variables updated to the latest requirements – Now runs as your locally created docker user rather than root||07/04/2022|
|Updated screenshots and steps for DSM7.1||11/06/2022|
|Updated with new Docker Network settings||23/07/2022|
What is Pi-hole?
If you are looking to get advertising and tracking blocked across all the devices on your network a Pi-hole will have you covered. It’s a locally hosted Domain Name Server and uses block lists to stop adverts.
Couple of things to note and common questions:
- Pi-hole is not able to block YouTube ads
- You will need to change the DNS settings either on your Router or whatever device is managing your DHCP/DNS settings
- You will not be able to use this in conjunction with the DHCP server built into DSM if you have that enabled you will need to turn it off before continuing.
In order for you to successfully use this guide please complete these two steps first.
Downloading the Pi-hole Image
Open up Docker within DSM and navigate to the ‘Registry’ section and search for ‘pihole’ in the search box. Download the official version.
The pop-up box will ask which version you want to download, make sure you choose ‘Latest’ from the list of available versions.
You can check the status of the download over on the ‘Image’ tab.
Setting up the container
In Docker click on the ‘Image’ tab, in the list of your containers select the ‘PiHole’ image and click on ‘Launch’
The first screen will ask how you want to set up the Docker network, to keep things simple we will be using the Docker Host option which means we will not need to set up any additional ports. Click Next once you have selected the option.
Next you will be greeted with the General Settings screen, this is where you can start specifying some of your preferences.
You can change the name of the container to anything you like, and you may want to enable Auto Restart as this will ensure Radarr starts automatically if you reboot your NAS.
You will also notice a Configure capabilities button — don’t change anything in here!
Keep in mind if you turn off your Diskstation or stop the container you will lose internet access as there will be no way for devices to resolve DNS queries.
Next up we are going to click on the ‘Advanced Settings’ button, this will take you to a new window with a number of tabs which we are going to work through.
Next we are going to set up a some environment variables that docker will use to allow the container to access our local file system by telling it the IDs to use for file permissions
For each of the items in the table below you will need to click on ‘Add’ button then type each of the below in the ‘variable’ and ‘value’ sections.
|PIHOLE_UID||The UID you obtained in the user setup guide|
|PIHOLE_GID||The GID you obtained in the user setup guide|
|WEB_UID||The UID you obtained in the user setup guide|
|WEB_GID||The GID you obtained in the user setup guide|
|TZ||Your timezone wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_tz_database_time_zones|
|WEBPASSWORD||A password of your choice for the Pi-hole web interface|
Once you have entered the above scroll down the Environment Variable as you will be able to see one called ServerIP you need to enter the IP address of your NAS e.g. 192.168.0.46
|ServerIP||Enter the IP of you NAS|
Links / Execution Command
You do not need to set up anything on these tabs.
Press ‘Save’ to go back to the initial setup screen, then press ‘Next’
We just need to amend one of the container ports as by default PiHole uses port 80 for the Web Interface. Amend this to 8000 the others you can copy from the right side of the settings page ‘Container Port’ onto the left side ‘Local Port’ once you have done this press ‘Next’.
We will now be specifying the directories where Pi-hole will store its configuration files.
We first click on ‘Add folder’ so we can create some folders for the config files to live, first create one called ‘pihole’ inside your /docker share.
Then within that folder create two new folders called ‘dnsmasq.d’ and ‘pihole’
You will now add each of these folders in line with the table / screenshot below
Click Next to move to the final screen.
You have now completed the container setup.
You will be shown an overall summary of the settings we have specified, this is a good time to double-check everything is correct. Finally, click on Done and the container should start to boot.
After about 30 seconds or so you should then be able to access the Pi-hole web interface via you NAS IP followed by port 8000, and log in with the password you set earlier.
You will now need to add the IP address of your NAS as your DNS address in your router or other DHCP server. It can take some time for all of your devices to move over the new DNS settings so be patient, and you will gradually start to see your stats begin to start.
Also note as we are not using Pi-hole as the DHCP server you will not be able to see the names of the devices in the statistics just their IP addresses.
You can use the below code saved as pihole.yml in the ‘/docker/pihole’ share, this will do the entire process above in one quick command via SSH. Ensure you change the variables to your own. You will need to set up the correct sub-folders as per the section in the guide above.
version: "3.8" services: pihole: image: pihole/pihole:latest container_name: pihole environment: - PIHOLE_UID=YOURUID - PIHOLE_GID=YOURGID - WEB_UID=YOURUID - WEB_GID=YOURGID - TZ=YOURTIMEZONE - WEBPASSWORD=YOURPASSWORD - DNSMASQ_LISTENING=local - WEB_PORT=8000 - ServerIP=YOURNASIP - DNSMASQ_USER=pihole volumes: - /volume1/docker/pihole/dnsmasq.d:/etc/dnsmasq.d - /volume1/docker/pihole/pihole:/etc/pihole ports: - 53:53/tcp - 53:53/udp - 67:67 - 8000:80 network_mode: synobridge restart: unless-stopped
sudo docker-compose -f /volume1/docker/pihole/pihole.yml up -d
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