|New guide Published||29/12/2021|
|Updated with Admin Panel Options||30/12/2021|
|Changed the port number from 8112 to 8122 so it doesn’t conflict with Deluge||01/01/2021|
Bitwarden is a great way to self-host a password manager it gives you complete control over your passwords and allows you to have automatic syncing across web, desktop and mobile apps.
This guide contains three parts:
- Part 1 — Setting up the container via the DSM GUI
- Part 2 — Setting up DDNS, Reverse Proxy and SSL
- Part 3 — Setting up the Bitwarden Clients
Part 1 — Container Set up (DSM GUI)
Downloading the Vaultwarden Image
Open up Docker within DSM and navigate to the ‘Registry’ section and search for ‘vaultwarden’ in the search box and download the ‘vaultwarden/server’ version
The pop-up box will ask which version you want to download, make sure you choose ‘Latest’ from the list of available versions.
You can check the status of the download over on the ‘Image’ tab.
Setting up the container
In Docker click on the ‘Image’ tab, in the list of your containers select the ‘vaultwarden/server’ image and click on ‘Launch’
You will now see the initial setup screen, you can change the name of the container, we are not going to change the resource limitations or make any changes to the Configure capabilities options.
Next up we are going to click on the ‘Advanced Settings’ button, this will take you to a new window with a number of tabs which we are going to work through.
On the first tab enable ‘Auto Restart’ this will ensure Vaultwarden will automatically start up whenever you reboot your NAS.
Volumes / Mounts
We can now move onto the volume tab in which we will be specifying the directories where Vaultwarden will store its configuration files and database.
Click on Add Folder, click on the ‘docker’ folder and create a new sub-folder called ‘vaultwarden’ select this folder and click ‘select’
In the Mount path section for this folder enter ‘/data’ it should now look like the screenshot below
Don’t make any changes here.
As Vaultwarden uses port 80 for its web interface by default we need to change this to ensure we don’t have any conflicts with DSM’s web functions.
You will see the Container Port section prefilled you must not change these ports. Change the ‘Local ports’ from Auto to the values below.
|Local Port||Container Port||Type|
Don’t make any changes here.
We need to add two additional variables, the first disables any random person signing up for an account on your personal hosted version, the second enables to Admin panel which allows you to invite users.
The Admin panel is secured by the value you enter for the ‘Admin Token’ variable so make sure it is completely random and not guessable the longer, the better!
|ADMIN_TOKEN||create a very long random string|
You have now completed the setup of the container.
Click on Apply to move back to the initial settings screen and then click next, you will be shown an overall summary of the settings we have specified, this is a good time to double-check everything is correct. Finally, click on Done and the container should start to boot.
You should now be able to access the web interface via the IP of your NAS followed by the port 8122
You will not be able to register an account yet, as you must have a valid SSL certificate in place.
Part 2 – DDNS, SSL and Reverse Proxy
Before we start, make sure you have registered for a Synology Account as we are going to be using their DDNS service. https://account.synology.com/en-uk/register/
In order to successfully use reverse DNS you will also need to forward port 443 to you NAS IP. (You will need to check how to do this on your own router) This port is used for secure web traffic.
A DDNS address allows you to get external access to DSM via a subdomain provided by Synology, this is useful on home internet connections where your ISP will change your IP address on a regular basis.
In the DSM Control panel go to ‘External Access’ and then to the ‘DDNS’ tab
Click on ‘Add’, then fill out the following sections.
|Hostname||This can be anything it will be used to access your NAS externally|
|Email:||Log into your Synology account|
|External Address (IPv4)||This should be filled in automatically|
|External Address (IPv6)||This should be filled in automatically if your ISP is using IPv6|
|Get a Cert from Let’s Encrypt||Tick this box|
|Enable Heartbeat||Tick this box|
Now press OK, DSM will apply your settings. It can take a few moments to set up and the DSM interface will refresh. You will likely receive a certificate error which you will need to accept to get back into DSM.
You should now test that you can access your Diskstation via the hostname you requested and not receive any SSL errors.
So you don’t have to open up additional ports on your router for Vaultwarden we are going to set up a reverse proxy subdomain. This means you can access Bitwarden without using a port number as it will route all traffic through the secure 443 port.
Go back into the Control Panel and access the ‘Login Portal’ then in the ‘Advanced’ tab click ‘Reverse Proxy’ and then click on ‘Create’.
We are now going to enter some rules, so when you access the URL specified you will automatically be sent to Bitwarden web UI.
Use the settings below, you will need to amend the Hostname sections in line with the hostname you registered earlier, and the IP of your NAS.
|Reverse Proxy Name:||bitwarden|
|Hostname:||bitwarden.xxx.synology.me (change the part after ‘bitwarden.’ to your own hostname you registered earlier.|
|Hostname:||Your NAS IP|
You should now be able to access the Bitwarden (Vaultwarden) web UI by going to https://bitwarden.yourhostname it will be a secure connection, and you should have no SSL errors.
As we disabled sign-ups via the main log in screen you will need to invite yourself and any other users from the admin panel.
Go to bitwarden.yourhostname.me/admin
Enter the admin token that you entered into the Environment Variables earlier to log in.
We need to change a few options to enable user sign up emails.
In General Settings. Amend the Domain URL to your own
Next you will need to amend your own email settings in the SMTP Email Settings section.
This will need to be in line with your email provider, once you have entered the details click Save at the bottom of the screen, you can then send a test email to yourself to ensure its working.
The final step will be to send yourself an invitation email via the Users’ panel at the top of the page. This allows you to create an account by clicking the link in the email.
You have now successfully set up Vaultwarden.
Part 3 — Setting Up the Bitwarden Clients.
Now you have set up Vaultwarden you can use the various Mobile, Desktop or Browser Add-ons.
It’s very easy to point these to your personal self-hosted version. In the main login screen click the Cog icon, then in the Server URL section enter the full URL for your web UI.
You have now completed the guide.
You can use the below code saved as vaultwarden.yml in ‘/docker/vaultwarden’ which you will need to create, this will do the entire process above in one quick command via SSH.
You will then need to follow the guide from Part 2 Onwards
version: "3.2" services: vaultwarden: image: vaultwarden/server:latest container_name: vaultwarden environment: - ROCKET_ENV=staging - ROCKET_PORT=80 - ROCKET_WORKERS=10 - SIGNUPS_ALLOWED=FALSE - ADMIN_TOKEN=YOUROWNLONGSTRING volumes: - /volume1/docker/vaultwarden:/data ports: - 3012:3012/tcp - 8122:80/tcp restart: unless-stopped
sudo docker-compose -f /volume1/docker/vaultwarden/vaultwarden.yml up -d
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