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Jellyfin in Docker on a Synology NAS (Hardware Transcoding)

Last updated on 24 November 2023

Please note if you are using DSM7.2 or higher you should use the Container Manager version of this guide from the menu.
This guide has reached the end of its updates as most people are now on the latest DSM update - This guide is correct as of 08/12/2023 however no further updates will be added.
UpdateDate
Amended the devices mounted to the container as had reports of better performance with them.17/05/2023
Historic updates now at the end of the guide.

In this guide I am going to take you through the setup of Jellyfin in Docker using Docker Compose.

As of writing the Synology UI does not have the capability of passing through specific hardware to a container, this means we will need to set up Jellyfin via SSH using Docker Compose. However, don’t freak out as it’s not that difficult!

Does my Synology support Hardware Transcoding?

Before we do anything else, you need to make sure your model of Synology has hardware transcoding capabilities. You need to do a quick lookup via the linked Google Sheet below, this is updated by Plex however it’s perfectly relevant for Jellyfin.

If you find that your model does not support hardware transcoding you can jump back over to the standard guide.

Let’s Begin

As usual, it’s important you complete the three preceding guides which will get your folder structure and docker, user and bridge network setup.

Docker Compose

We will be using Docker Compose to set up the Jellyfin container. In a nutshell we will be creating a text file (YAML formatted) which tells Docker exactly how we want to set up a specific container.

The next steps can be done either using a code/text editor such as Notepad++ or to keep things simple for this guide we will be using the Synology Text Editor which can be installed from the Package Center.

Install Text Editor from the Package Center

Open up Text Editor and click on File then New to start a new file.

You can now copy and paste the details below into the new text file, it is important you don’t change the spacing as YAML has to be formatted correctly in order to be read by Docker Compose.

YAML
services:
  jellyfin:
    image: linuxserver/jellyfin:latest
    container_name: jellyfin
    environment:
      - PUID=1234 #CHANGE_TO_YOUR_UID
      - PGID=65432 #CHANGE_TO_YOUR_GID
      - TZ=Europe/London #CHANGE_TO_YOUR_TZ
      - JELLYFIN_PublishedServerUrl=YOURNASIP
    volumes:
      - /volume1/docker/jellyfin:/config
      - /volume1/data/media:/data/media
    devices:
      - /dev/dri/renderD128:/dev/dri/renderD128
      - /dev/dri/card0:/dev/dri/card0
    ports:
      - 8096:8096 #web port
      - 8920:8920 #optional
      - 7359:7359/udp #optional
    network_mode: synobridge
    restart: unless-stopped

The two optional ports in the above can be removed if you will not use them. 7359 is for automated discovery of Jellyfin by the apps, and 8920 is the HTTPS port which is useful if not using the reverse proxy later in the guide.

Environment Variables

We need to make some changes in order for the container to have the correct permissions to save its configuration files and to have access to your media.

PUID and PGID

When you created your docker user you would have noted down these IDs add these to the compose file in the ‘environment:’ section

Volumes

We can now pass through our file paths into the container they are mounted using the volume’s section of the compose file.

I have pre-filled this section to pass the correct paths, the only thing that you may need to change is the /volume1/ if your file paths are on a different volume.

Timezone

The timezone variable will tell the container where you are in the world meaning your logs and scheduled tasks will run at the correct times. A list of timezones with the correct formatting can be found here wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_tz_database_time_zones

Your final file should look similar to the one shown below.

Saving the Compose File

We now need to save this file into our docker share.

Click on File then Save As, navigate to the ‘docker’ share and create a new folder called ‘jellyfin’ (lower case)

You need to change the ‘File name’ to jellyfin.yml and save it in the ‘docker‘ folder

SSH and Docker-Compose

It’s time to get logged into your Diskstation via SSH, you can do this in the same way as when you obtained your IDs in the ‘Setting up a restricted Docker user‘ guide.

Once you have logged in you will need to give 2 commands, you can copy and paste these one at a time — you will need to enter your password for the command starting with ‘sudo’

First we are going to change directory to where the jellyfin.yml is located, type the below and then press enter.

Bash
cd /volume1/docker

Then we are going to instruct Docker Compose to read the file we created and complete the set-up of the container. Again type the below and press enter.

Bash
sudo docker-compose -f jellyfin.yml up -d

When the command has completed you should be able to see Jellyfin running in the list of containers in the Synology GUI.

Jellyfin Initial Setup

After a few minutes you should be able to access the server and go through the initial Jellyfin setup by going to the IP of your NAS in your browser followed by port 8096.

e.g. 192.168.0.30:8096

When adding movies or shows they will be located in the /data/media folder.

Part 2 – DDNS, SSL and Reverse Proxy

Before we start, make sure you have registered for a Synology Account as we are going to be using their DDNS service. https://account.synology.com/en-uk/register/

In order to successfully use the reverse proxy you will also need to forward port 443 to you NAS IP. (You will need to check how to do this on your own router) This port is used for secure web traffic.

DDNS (Dynamic Domain Name System)

A DDNS address allows you to get external access to Jellyfin via a subdomain provided by Synology, this is useful on home internet connections where your ISP will change your IP address on a regular basis. (If you already have this set up via another guide you can skip to the Reverse Proxy section)

Note: If you want to access DSM via this new address you will either need to create an additional Reverse Proxy for it or open port 5001 on your router.

In the DSM Control panel go to ‘External Access’ and then to the ‘DDNS’ tab

Click on ‘Add’, then fill out the following sections.

SectionValue
Service ProviderSynology
HostnameThis can be anything it will be used to access your NAS externally
Email:Log into your Synology account
External Address (IPv4)This should be filled in automatically
External Address (IPv6)This should be filled in automatically if your ISP is using IPv6
Get a Cert from Let’s EncryptTick this box
Enable HeartbeatTick this box

Now press OK, DSM will apply your settings. It can take a few moments to set up and the DSM interface will refresh. You will likely receive a certificate error which you will need to accept to get back into DSM.

You should now test that you can access your Diskstation via the hostname you requested and not receive any SSL errors.

Reverse Proxy

So you don’t have to open up additional ports on your router for Jellyfin we are going to set up a reverse proxy subdomain. This means you and your users can access Jellyfin without using a port number as it will route all traffic through the secure 443 port.

Go back into the Control Panel and access the ‘Login Portal’ then in the ‘Advanced’ tab click ‘Reverse Proxy’ and then click on ‘Create’.

We are now going to enter some rules, so when you or your users access the URL specified the request will automatically be sent to the Jellyfin web UI.

Use the settings below, you will need to amend the Hostname sections in line with the hostname you registered earlier, and the IP of your NAS.

SettingValue
Reverse Proxy Name:jellyfin
Protocol:HTTPS
Hostname:jellyfin.xxx.synology.me (change the part after ‘jellyfin.’ to your own hostname you registered earlier.
Port:443
Protocol:HTTP
Hostname:Your NAS IP
Port:8096
example settings

On the second tab ‘Custom Header’ click on Create then WebSocket, this will add two entries which will force a https connection if you ever try and connect over http, you can now press save.

You should now be able to access the Jellyfin login screen to https://jellyfin.yourhostname it will be a secure connection, and you should have no SSL errors.

You can now log in with the username and password you created earlier, the same address is used in the Android and iPhone apps.

How to enable Hardware Transcoding

The last steps for initial set up are to enable the hardware transcode features for your NAS.

On the main Jellyfin homescreen, click on the hamburger menu on the top left and then ‘Dashboard’ in the ‘Administration’ section

On the next screen select ‘Playback’ where you will now be able to select from the first drop-down from ‘None’ to ‘Intel QSV Video’

I have removed the video previously shown below and changed into a table – to take into account some feedback and testing completed in our Matrix/Discord server.

Below are the settings you would enable for a Gemini Lake based NAS such as the 920+/720+/420+/220+. You can cross-check between the Synology CPU list and the table on the QSV Wikipedia page as to the hardware functions your NAS supports.

Please note that I have included the items I changed from the default values – e.g. if the default item is turned off, and I turn it on then it appears in the table.

Setting changed from the default.Variable to use
H264Ticked
HEVCTicked
MPEG2Ticked
VC1Ticked
VP8Ticked
VP9Ticked
HEVC 10bitTicked
VP9 10bitTicked
Allow Encoding in HEVC formatTicked
Enable VPP Tone MappingTicked
Enable Tone MappingUnticked

Once you have made the required change press ‘Save’ and you are now free to change any other settings you wish in relation to the server, make sure you check out the fantastic documentation from Jellyfin.

Historic UpdatesDate
New guide released02/09/2022
Added how to enable Hardware Transcoding in the Admin settings12/09/2022
Added an environment variable to help with tone mapping18/02/2023
Removed the OpenCL mod as it should not be required for newer + Models and removed compose version09/04/2023
Adjusted tone mapping settings to avoid a device error09/04/2023
Amended the path to save the compose file – this is for security, so the container has no access to the file contents.14/04/2023
Historic Updates

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Published inJellyfin 7.1

31 Comments

  1. nasd nasd

    Hello I have a DS224+ and getting this error from the logs

    ffmpeg version 5.1.3-Jellyfin Copyright (c) 2000-2022 the FFmpeg developers
    built with gcc 10 (Debian 10.2.1-6)
    configuration: –prefix=/usr/lib/jellyfin-ffmpeg –target-os=linux –extra-libs=-lfftw3f –extra-version=Jellyfin –disable-doc –disable-ffplay –disable-ptx-compression –disable-static –disable-libxcb –disable-sdl2 –disable-xlib –enable-lto –enable-gpl –enable-version3 –enable-shared –enable-gmp –enable-gnutls –enable-chromaprint –enable-libdrm –enable-libass –enable-libfreetype –enable-libfribidi –enable-libfontconfig –enable-libbluray –enable-libmp3lame –enable-libopus –enable-libtheora –enable-libvorbis –enable-libopenmpt –enable-libdav1d –enable-libwebp –enable-libvpx –enable-libx264 –enable-libx265 –enable-libzvbi –enable-libzimg –enable-libfdk-aac –arch=amd64 –enable-libsvtav1 –enable-libshaderc –enable-libplacebo –enable-vulkan –enable-opencl –enable-vaapi –enable-amf –enable-libmfx –enable-ffnvcodec –enable-cuda –enable-cuda-llvm –enable-cuvid –enable-nvdec –enable-nvenc
    libavutil 57. 28.100 / 57. 28.100
    libavcodec 59. 37.100 / 59. 37.100
    libavformat 59. 27.100 / 59. 27.100
    libavdevice 59. 7.100 / 59. 7.100
    libavfilter 8. 44.100 / 8. 44.100
    libswscale 6. 7.100 / 6. 7.100
    libswresample 4. 7.100 / 4. 7.100
    libpostproc 56. 6.100 / 56. 6.100
    [AVHWDeviceContext @ 0x5590954148c0] No VA display found for any default device.
    Device creation failed: -22.
    Failed to set value ‘vaapi=va:,driver=iHD,kernel_driver=i915’ for option ‘init_hw_device’: Invalid argument
    Error parsing global options: Invalid argument

    • Dr_Frankenstein Dr_Frankenstein

      Hey – Still getting the same error? Try amending the devices section to only contain.

      – /dev/dri:/dev/dri

  2. Patrick Patrick

    Hi Dr_Frankenstein,

    thank you for your Helpfull Installation Guide. I have a Synology DS720+, followed your Instruction and get this Error in the Transcoding-Log:

    [h264_qsv @ 0x5590443c2bc0] Selected ratecontrol mode is unsupported
    [h264_qsv @ 0x5590443c2bc0] some encoding parameters are not supported by the QSV runtime. Please double check the input parameters.

    Thank you.
    Patrick

      • Patrick Patrick

        @Dr_Frankenstein: Just read your Reply. Thank you this Solved my Problem, now i can Use QSV. I had to untick:

        – Enalbe Intel Low-Power H.264 hardware encoder
        – Enable Intel Low-Power HEVC hardware encoder

        The First one was still enabled by default.

        THX

    • Dr_Frankenstein Dr_Frankenstein

      Hey sorry you got caught in the Spam net – We have a few people on Discord using 920+ with hardware transcoding working OK it’s the same hardware so should work.

      Couple of things to check – Make sure you have the same settings as shown in the short video at the end of the guide with QSV selected. When you play some media that requires transcoding check the dashboard it will tell you why it has had an issue.

  3. David David

    I have a Synology DS920+ and I followed your step by step guide and everything works fine except the hardware acceleration. I can only watch movies that are streamed directly. Can you help me?

    • Dr_Frankenstein Dr_Frankenstein

      Hey David – It might be easier if you jump into our Discord group as there are quite a few people using Jellyfin on the 918 and 920, we can figure out what the issue is 🙂

  4. Aaron Ahlers Aaron Ahlers

    I followed your instructions and was able to get Jellyfin to work. However, I am having the an issue where I am unable to cast to any devices in my network. When I install Jellyfin on my computer(just as a test) I am able to cast to everything without issues. Any idea what I should do?

    • Dr_Frankenstein Dr_Frankenstein

      Hey, can you try adding port 1900 to the yaml file, it will be formatted the same as the other ports. Then start Jellyfin again using the compose command.

      • Aaron Ahlers Aaron Ahlers

        I tried that but I end up getting an error when using the compose command: ERROR: yaml.scanner.ScannerError: while scanning for the next token
        found character ‘\t’ that cannot start any token
        in “./jellyfin.yml”, line 20, column 1

        Here are links to photos of what I did:
        https://imgur.com/nbReys7
        https://imgur.com/iaiJ6gK

        I should add that jellyfin was not able to see any other devices to cast to when I would try to cast something. The other devices show up when I installed a completely seperate jellyfin on my laptop(as a test). Thanks for the help, I appreciate it.

            • Dr_Frankenstein Dr_Frankenstein

              OK Just done a bit of searching around, it looks like you can only cast using SSL (not sure why it would then work via your PC though to be honest!)
              When attempting to cast are you doing it via the reverse proxy/DDNS address? Or are you using the WebUI via the internal NAS IP and Port?

              Try changing this in your yml from the IP of your NAS to the reverse proxy address
              JELLYFIN_PublishedServerUrl=192.168.0.143

              Then bring back up Jellyfin with the updated setting and try and cast.

              (I can’t test this out at the moment on my useguide setup as a bit limited on time tonight)

              • Aaron Ahlers Aaron Ahlers

                I was using the WebUI via the internal NAS IP and Port. I think I’m following you on the reverse proxy address. I dug around to try and find what the address is, is this it? https://imgur.com/y1vKr10
                It appears to be the same IP as my NAS is. Did I mess something up there?

                • Dr_Frankenstein Dr_Frankenstein

                  Not sure what you have added as the actual source address? You might want to retrace your steps through the Part 2 section of the guide as it should be your DDNS address for example https://jellyfin.aaron.dscloud.me then the destination looks correct.

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